Indian National Congress Sessions

Indian National Congress Sessions

History of Indian National Congress:

  • Allan Octavian Hume, a former Indian Civil Service officer, founded the organization on December 28, 1885 in Mumbai.
    Initially, the INC consisted of educated Indians who were influential in spreading modern ideas.
  • Dadabhai Naoroji, Dinsha Edulji Wacha, Surendranath Banerjee, Bhadruddin Diabji, Ferozsha Mehta, W.C. Bonnerjee, S.
  • Ramaswamy Mudaliar, S. Subramania Iyer and Romesh Sundar Dutt were among the early leaders.
  • The INC grew into a formidable political force in the twentieth century, providing a platform for Indians to express their political views and contributing significantly to India’s independence campaign.
  • It expanded into the driving force behind India’s freedom struggle, organizing various campaigns and activities against British rule.
  • The INC’s influence grew across India, attracting leaders from all regions and communities, and it became a symbol of India’s nationalist aspirations.

List Of Indian National Congress Sessions:

Session Place Date President
1st Session Bombay Dec. 28-30, 1885 Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee
2nd Session Calcutta Dec. 27-30, 1886 Shri Dadabhai Naoroji
3rd Session Madras Dec. 27-30, 1887 Badruddin Tyabji
6th Session


Dec. 26-30, 1890 Pherozeshah Mehta
8th Session Allahabad Dec. 28-30, 1892 Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee
11th Session Pune Dec. 27-30, 1895 Surendranath Banerjea
12th Session Calcutta Dec. 28-31, 1896 Rahimatullah M. Sayani
13th Session Amaravati Dec. 27-29, 1897 C. Sankaran Nair
15th Session Lucknow Dec. 27-29, 1899 Romesh Chunder Dutt
17th Session Calcutta Dec. 26-28, 1901 Dinshaw Eduljee Wacha
21st Session Banaras Dec. 27-30, 1905 Gopal Krishna Gokhale
22nd Session Calcutta Dec. 26-29, 1906 Shri Dadabhai Naoroji
23rd Session (Suspended)


Dec. 26-27, 1907 Rash Behari Ghosh
24th Session Lahore Dec. 27-29, 1909 Madan Mohan Malaviya
25th Session Allahabad Dec. 26-29, 1910 Sir William Wedderburn
26th Session Calcutta Dec. 26-28, 1911 Bishan Narayan Dar
30th Session Bombay Dec. 27-29, 1915 Satyendra Prasanna Sinha
31st Session Lucknow Dec. 26-30, 1916 Ambica Charan Mazumdar
32nd Session Calcutta Dec. 26-29, 1917 Annie Besant
(Special Session) Bombay Aug. 29-01, 1918 Romesh Chunder Dutt
34th Session Amritsar Dec. 26-30, 1919 Motilal Nehru
35th Session Nagpur Dec. 26-30, 1920 C. Vijayaraghavachariar
36th Session Ahmedabad Dec. 27-28, 1921 Hakim Ajmal Khan (Acting President for C.R. Das)
37th Session Gaya Dec. 26-31, 1922 Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das
40th Session Kanpur Apr. 15-17, 1925 Sarojini Naidu
42nd Session Madras Dec. 26-28, 1927 M.A. Ansari
43rd Session Calcutta Dec. 29-01, 1929 Motilal Nehru
44th Session Lahore Apr. 16-18, 1929 Pt Jawaharlal Nehru
45th Session Karachi Mar. 21-31, 1931 Vallabbhai J. Patel
46th Session Delhi April 24, 1932 Amrit Ranchhorddas Seth
48th Session Bombay Oct. 24-28, 1934 Dr. Rajendra Prasad
 50th Session Faizpur  Jul. 12-14, 1937 Pt Jawaharlal Nehru
51st Session Haripura Feb. 19-21, 1938 Subhash Chandra Bose
52nd Session Tripura Mar. 10-12, 1939 Subhash Chandra Bose
53rd Session Ramgarh Mar. 19-20, 1940 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
54th Session Meerut Nov. 23-24, 1946 J.B. Kripalani


Important Indian National Congress Sessions:

1885 – Bombay Session:

1886 – Calcutta Session:

  • Decision to establish Provincial Congress Committees across India.
  • Merger of the National Congress with the National Conference.

1887 – Madras Session:

  • Syed Badruddin Tyabji elected as the first Muslim President.
  • Appeal to Muslims to join the freedom struggle.

1892 – Session:

  • Criticized the Indian Councils Act of 1892 for denying Indians the right to elect their own representatives.

1896 – Calcutta Session:

  • Passed a resolution blaming the British for famine in India.
  • First singing of the National Song, “Vande Mataram,” at a Congress session.

1906 – Calcutta Session:

  • Mention of ‘Swaraj’ for the first time.
  • Adopted resolutions on Swaraj, Boycott Movement, Swadeshi, and National Education.

1907 – Surat Session:

  • Split into moderates and extremists.
  • Adjournment of session due to unrest.

1911 – Calcutta Session:

  • Recital of the National Anthem “Jana Gana Mana” for the first time.

1916 – Lucknow Session:

  • Unity between moderates and extremists.
  • Lucknow Pact signed with the Muslim League for political consensus.

1920 – Nagpur Session:

  • Decision to intensify the Non-Cooperation Movement.
  • Urged Indian merchants to boycott foreign trade.

1924 – Belgaum Session:

  • Only session attended by M.K. Gandhi.

1925 – Kanpur Session:

  • Sarojini Naidu became the first Indian woman President.

1927 – Madras Session:

  • Decision to boycott the Simon Commission.
  • Adoption of complete national independence as the goal.

1929 – Lahore Session:

  • Resolution for Poorna Swaraj passed.
  • Authorization for the Civil Disobedience Movement.

1931 – Karachi Session:

  • Resolution on Fundamental Rights and National Economic Programme passed.
  • Endorsement of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact.

1936 – Lucknow Session:

  • Push towards socialist ideas by Jawaharlal Nehru.

1938 – Haripura Session:

  • National Planning Committee set up under Jawaharlal Nehru.

1940 – Ramgarh Session:

  • Decision to launch the Civil Disobedience Movement.
  • Formation of the Forward Bloc by Subhas Chandra Bose.

1946 – Meerut Session:

  • Last session before independence with J.B. Kripalani as President.

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